The International Space Station is individual build on the American STS and the different Russian missions. It is projected that in 2004 the station starts to operate with 100% of their installed communications"
A FRESH RESIDENT IN SPACE
The first journey with a vision to structure the International Space Station was held on November 20, 1998, in that month a Russian rocket Proton was launched into space and located the Zarya Control Module in orbit, Zarya, then, was the first component of the ISS to be placed in space.
Key features of the Zarya module include the following:
It has solar panels for solar energy collection.
Zarya is thus a vehicle of self-reliance.
It is considered a Functional Cargo Block (FGB) or Functional Cargo Block.
Provides and controls the propulsion and power for the first assembly missions.
It has fuel storage.
Is provided with elements that allow you to rotate and engage with other vehicles.
The Zarya Control Module has a weight of 19 323 kilograms, the meaning of Zarya is "Dawn". It was built by the Center for Research and Production Space Khrunichev State in Moscow.
Zarya module dimensions are 12.6 meters long and 4.1 meters at it’s widest. Provide by 3 kilowatts of solar cells installed at the ends. Each of the solar wings is 10.7 meters long by 3.4 meters wide. The module can store up to 6 tons of fuel.
The construction of this module was launched in December 1994 and was transferred to Baikonur Cosmodrome in January 1998 in preparation for its launch and operation in orbit. This module docked with the shuttle Endeavour, which took the module "Unity" (Unity) on STS-88, and then the third mission, STS-96 in June 1999 by the shuttle Discovery was able to lead a range of materials and supplies for both modules.
The fourth mission to the fledgling Space Station was the STS-101, which was launched on May 19, 2000. This mission carried 7 crew on board which made maintenance and implements led to the preparation of the arrival of the Zvezda service module. This could also be considered as the first non-permanent crew of the Space Station.
The module Zvezda was launched in July 2000 and docked to the space station into orbit at 00:45 GMT on July 26, 2000 becoming the third largest component of the station. Later in September, the STS-106 visited the station; the mission carried supplies and prepared to Zvezda for the first permanent crew which finally arrived in the module on November 2. Prior to the arrival of STS-92 mission was the "Pressurized Mating Adapter Truss 3" and 4 controls torques in October.
The last mission of the twentieth century was the STS-97., The shuttle Endeavour and its 5 crew installed the first set of solar arrays on the station and became the first crew to visit the Expedition One mounted solar cells provided the enough energy for the U.S. Destiny Laboratory Modular will arrive, this happened in February 2001 on STS-98. the crew of the mission consisted of 5 astronauts who relocated Pressurized Adapter 2 at the end of the Unity at the end of the Destiny to prepare for future missions.
In March 2001, almost five months after his arrival at the International Space Station, the first crew received his replacement, Expedition Two, they arrived with the STS-102 mission and the mission brought back to Earth the crew of the Expedition One mission at a time Said was responsible for transport to the station's first Multi-Purpose Logistics Module "Leonardo". The logistics modules are reusable as charges and was built by the Italian Space Agency.
The mission STS-100 was commissioned to carry a robotic arm to the station. This is also called the Remote Manipulator System Space Station, also transported "Rafaello" the second Multi-Purpose Logistics Module that happened in April 2001. This robotic arm was used for the arrival and installation of the Board of Block (jint airlock) which was installed during the STS-104 visited the station in July 2001.
The next mission was to visit the station STS-105 to mid-August 2001, the STS-105 carried the Expedition Three to the International Space Station and returned with the Expedition Two to Earth. THE Multi-Purpose Logistics Module "Leonardo" made his second trip to the station during STS-105.
The expansion of the International Space Station continued with the arrival of the Russian Docking Compartment in September 2001. The Docking Compartment is called "Pirs" by the Russians, which means "spring".
Mission STS-108 arrived at the station in early December 2001 and transported to the Expedition Four. The Expedition Three returned to Earth in this mission. This year was held over from the Expedition Four delivering a record stay in space.