Live To observe the total solar eclipse on Tuesday 13 November, several scientific expeditions have moved to the Australian state of Queensland. One is 'Mission eclipse', which, in collaboration with the Newspaper of Catalonia, and Alumni UB (University of Barcelona), cover the relay from a privileged location in Cairns (Queensland), overlooking the Barrier Reef Pacific Ocean.
After more than a year without total solar eclipses (the last took place on July 11, 2010), the shadow of the Moon revisits the earth's surface on 13 November 2012. The tour begins in Australia's shadow, then move to the Pacific Ocean. The maximum eclipse will occur at 23.11 am (GMT) and will run for 4 minutes and 2 seconds, with the Sun at 68 degrees above the horizon.
If the weather permits, during the eclipse can be observed many scientific phenomena. At first glance and without any protection features a completely black lunar disc surrounded by a beautiful solar corona, the form and brightness depends on the moment when our star is currently in its activity cycle.
They will lower the temperatures; the day will go dark and visible planets Venus, Saturn and Mercury, and the brightest stars in the southern sky. During this eclipse will be seen hardly reach the shadow of the Moon on the mountainous east, but it will be appreciated twilight colors in daylight on the full circle of the horizon. With low magnification photograph may Pearls Bayly, bright points of light around the moon caused by sunlight passing through the lunar mountains. The first and last rays produce a flash of light called a splendid diamond ring that will make the moment one of the most emotional moments of the day astronomy.
The broadcast of the total solar eclipse will begin at 2135 hours on mainland time in Spain. The total will be at 21.38 hours and will last just over 2 minutes. Santacana Sara Special Envoy 'Mission eclipse' to Queensland 2012 will be the host of this broadcast, showing the sequence of the eclipse before, during and after all and environmental images from the observation place.
A solar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes between the Sun and Earth and hidden, partially or totally, the Sun from the point of view of the Earth. This occurs only when there is new moon and the sun and moon are perfectly aligned, as seen from Earth. In a total solar eclipse, the Sun's disk is completely covered by the Moon. In a partial or annular eclipse, only part of the sun is obscured.