Today marks 49 years of launch of the first woman, Valentina Tereshkova, by her then-Soviet Union that marked another first in space exploration program progressed much faster than the U.S. space program. Terheskova, engineer and practitioner of skydiving was one of five women selected in 1962 for the group of Soviet cosmonauts and the only one who managed to fly a year later in the Vostok 6.
With 26 years of age, was in the space of three days and orbited the Earth on 48 occasions. Tereshkova retired astronaut and then a doctorate was removed and only where the invited lectures. It would take 19 years for the Soviet Union sent another woman into space.